02_Phrasal verbs

Són claus per entendre l’idioma i n’hi ha una gran quantitat i la majoria, per postres, tenen més d’un significat.  I en funció del significat que tenen poden ser:

  • Intransitius (i):  No porten complement directe

Ex. Pressure on the government is building up

  • Transitius inseparables (ti): El verb i la partícula són inseparables.  El complement directe sempre va darrera de la partícula.

Ex. Stop fooling around and get up!

  • Transitius separables (ts): El complement directe pot anar entre el verb i la partícula o bé al final

Ex.  They cut off our electricity  o bé They cut our electricity off

Els més importants:

  • EAT UP
  • ts Acabar; devorar o corroir
    1. Eat up your spinach
    2. Jealousy is eating him up
  • FALL DOWN
  • i Caure a terra; Desplomar-se, caure; No poder-se aguantar, falla
    1. He fell down and bumped his head
    2. Why don’t they demolish that old building instead of letting it fall down?
    3. That’s where their argument falls down
  • FOOL AROUND
  • i Perdre el temps; fer el gandul; fer el tonto; tenir una aventura
    1. Stop fooling around with that computer
    2. She is fooling around behind her husband’s back
    3. Stop fooling around and get up
  • GET AROUND/GET ROUND
  • i Moure’s; tenir una vida social intensa; trobar temps per (traduït com ‘aconseguir’ també)
    1. Elderly people often find it hard to get around
    2. Jennifer really gets around!
    3. I need to get around to finishing my novel this year
    4. I got around to studying all the lessons
    5. I eventually got around to doing it last night.  Eventually = Finalment
    6. Will you get around to learning Chinese one day?
    7. They’ll never get around to visiting the Prado Museum
    8. I need to get around to starting thos reports
    9. Will you get around to writing the letter this weekend
    10. Will you get around to learning chinese one day?
  • ti Evitar
    1. There’s no getting around it, you’ll have to pass the exam to get the Certificate of Advanced English.
  • PUT THROUGH TO
  • ts Sotmetre; passar una trucada telefònica; causar
    1. A bill has been put through Parliament
    2. Will you pout me through to the book department, please?
    3. You’ve put your mother through a great deal of worry with your beahaviour
  • RUN OUT
  • i Esgotar-se; faltar; caducar
    1. Money is running out
    2. Your time is running out
  • ts Eliminar al criquet
    1. He was run out for ten
  • SORT OUT
  • ts Preparar; ordenar; deixar a punt; seleccionar; resoldre; fixar.
    1. Jim have sorted out his desk
    2. Is there anyone who can sort this mess out?
    3. I’ve sorted out some books for you
    4. Maybe I can help you to sort your problems out
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