01_Els verbs

Present simple / Present Continous

EN ANGLÈS, TOTES LES FRASES PORTEN SUBJECTE !

Exemple de frases escrites amb el verb “to go” conjugat en present simple:

  • I usually go to work at 8 o’clock
  • He usually goes to work at 8 o’clock

Per formular una pregunta, l’esquema a seguir és el següent:

DO + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB + OBJECTS ?

(Aux. vb.)

Aquesta fórmula és vàlida en tots els casos menys quan utilitzem el verb “to be” per fer una frase. Aleshores, no farem servir l’auxiliar “DO”.

P. ex. :

Am I late? …. Aquí es pot observar que no s’utilitza el “DO”

Quan haguem de formular una pregunta utilitzant el “DO”, haurem d’estar al cas a l’hora de conjugar-lo per a la tercera persona. És a dir; per He / She / It, el “DO”, passa a ser “DOES” i el verb principal no canvia….és a dir, segueix en la seva forma d’infinitiu.

P. ex. :

Does he go to work at 8 o’clock?

Com ja sabem, això no passa quan es tracta d’una afirmació.

P. ex. :

  • He goes to school
  • He plays the piano

Verbs acabats en: ss / ch / x  / sh  / o

  •  Tots ells, quan es conjugen amb la tercera persona He / She / It, aleshores s’hi posa – ES. En la resta de casos es posa -S
  •  Per exemple: She watches; He misses, finishes, mixes, goes………

Verbs acabats en – y:

  • En aquest cas caldrà comprovar si abans de la y hi ha una vocal o una consonant.

Vowel + Y = – S ; p. ex. : They Play – She Plays

Consonant + Y = – ES ; p.ex. : I Study – He Studies

What do we do to make a sentence negative?

P. ex.:

I do not (don’t) usually go…. She doesn’t usually go…..

Regla: Els adverbis de freqüència sempre van col·locats abans del verb, sigui quin sigui el temps del verb (futur, present….) .!!!!

Excepció: En el cas del “TO BE” aniran col·locats al darrera del verb, sigui quin sigui el seu temps.

P. ex.:

  • I always go swimming…….I do always go swimming .
  • La segona expressió només s’utilitza a l’hora de parlar i per reafirmar alguna cosa de forma contundent.
  • I don’t always go swimming
  • Do you always go swimming?
  • I am very tired.
  • Are you always…..?

Study this example situation:

Alex is a bus driver. But now he is asleep in bed.   So:  He is not driving a bus ( he is asleep)   But: He drives a bus.

I/we/you/they drive

he/she/it drives

We use the present simple to talk about things in general. We are not thinking only about the present. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general. It is not important whether the action is happening at the time of speaking:

  • The earth goes round the sun
  • Nurses look after patients in hospitals
  • In Britain mosto of th shops close at 5.30 p.m.
  • I work in a bank. Barry works in a shop.

a) We use do / does to make questions and negative sentences:

  • Excuse me, do you speak English?
  • Would you like a cigarette? No, thanks. I don’t smoke.
  • What does this word mean? (not What means this word?)
  • Rice doesn’t grow in Britain.

b) We use the present simple when we say how often we do things:

  • I get up at 8 o’clock every morning. (not ‘am getting’)
  • How often do you go to the dentist?
  • Ann doesn’t often drink tea.
  • In summer Tom usually plays tennis twice a week.

c) Note that we say:

  • Were do you come from? (not ‘Where are you coming from?’)
  • He comes from Japan. (not ‘He is coming from Japan.’)

d) When you make a suggestion, you can say:

  • I’m tired. Why don’t you go to bed early?

Ex.1

I finished studying two years ago and I got a job. So, if you’re a food engineering student you can get the books that you need for 50 $ only!. Call me if you’re interested in.

I like going to the theatre – It means that I like to do it usually, as a hobby.

I like to go to the theatre on Friday – It means on this day, in particular.

Els state verbs i els action verbs

  • Els ‘state verbs’ fan referència a estats, situacions o condicions i sempre s’utilitzen en la forma simple per a tal finalitat.  És amb la forma contínua quan expressen una acció.
Verb State Action
Do What do you do? What are you doing?
Be This house is over 100 years old He is being very silly!!
Have Do you have a car? I’m having a great time here
Imagine I imagine you feel the same Ghosts! No, you’re imagining things!
Suppose I suppose this is Jim You’re supposing he is guilty.
Think What do you think? What are you thinking?
Expect I don’t expect him to understand Are you expecting someone?
Hope, Wonder I hope you haven’t been waiting long We’re hoping to continue the talks next week
Enjoy, like, love I enjoy going for long walks Are you enjoying the party?
Realize Some people don’t realize how dangerous cars can   be People are slowly realizing the cost of global   warming
Understand Do you understand this point? We’re understanding more and more about the   universe
Appear Your visa appears to be out of date Tom is appearing in Hamlet at the Grand Theatre
Look (seem) This book looks interesting
Look (appearance) Jim looks ill Jim is looking well
See I see you’ve had your hair cut Jane is seeing Harry (spending time)
Hear I didn’t hear any noises You’re hearing things (imagining)
Weigh This bag weighs moret han 25kg I’m weighing the parcel before I post it.

Els verbs que descriuen com es troba el cos, es poden utilitzar tant en forma simple com contínua donat que la diferència de significat és mínima:  My foot hurts / My foot is hurting

Ex.1

  • I can’t walk any more.  My knee is really hurting / really hurts
  • This cheese smells terrible!
  • Thanks for your e-mail.  I’m hoping / I hope to get back to you very soon
  • What do you do?  I’m a musician
  • We’re having our house completely redecorated.  It’s costing a lot.
  • In this country, more than a million people are living / live in poverty.
  • Can you stop the car? I’m feeling / I feel a bit sick
  • What’s the answer? Wait a moment, I’m thinking
  • I think we’re beginning to understand this problem
  • Nice to see you again! You’re looking / You look really great
  • Somebody is knocking at the door.  Can you see who it is?
  • First you cook the onions in a little oil until they are golden brown
  • Carlos is forever losing his temper with people.  He must learn to calm down
  • Here comes the bus! You’d better hurry!
  • Where’s Jack? He is reading the paper in the kitchen
  • Whenever I put up my hand, Harry kicks me under the desk
  • I’m sorry, but I don’t understand you
  • Maria is leaving now, so could you get her coat?
  • Come and eat your dinner.  It’s getting cold
  • I hear you did really well in your exams.  Well done!
  • This product contains no added chemicals of any kind
  • Nobody visits Rome without going to see the ruins of the Roman Forum
  • Sarah is beginning to regret not taking the job in France she was offered
  • Martin is seeing Tina at the moment.  They’ve been going out together for the past month
  • I’m sorry, but I don’t know where George is at the moment
  • Is Helen ready yet?  She is taking her time, but she says she’ll be ready soon
  • The larger of the two rooms measures 8m by 4m
  • What is happening in the street now? I can’t see anything from here
  • There’s nobody else to do the job, so I suppose I’ll have to do it

Utilització del present simple:

  • Fets o coses que sempre passen:  I live in London
  • Rutines, estats d’ànim, opinió, hàbits…  I want that girl.  I imagine he’s right.
  • Quan es donen instruccions verbals a un tercer: You open this part of the camera here
  • Instruccions escrites com ara receptes:  Cut 1kg of potatoes
  • Capçaleres de diaris que descriuen successos:  Two men die in airplane accident
  • Els ‘preformative verbs’ defineixen una acció i només s’utilitzen en aquest temps:    Accept, apologize, dare, deny, understand, see (amb significat d’understand)
  • Per expressar notícies.  En anglès això es fa mitjançant els ‘reporting verbs’ :   Gather, hear, see, tell, say, understand
  • En determinades expressions:  Here comes trouble!  Her lies John  There goes a brave man

 Utilització del present continous:

  • Accions no acabades que succeeixen mentre les estem expressant:  I’m living in London  (això  vol dir que actualment estic vivint a Londres però no implica que ho hagi estat fent temps enrera ni assegura que ho segueixi fent.  Dóna un significat de temporalitat/circumstancialitat a la frase).   Notar la diferència entre:   I have a shower every morning…..i….I’m having a shower every morning  (these days) que implica temporalitat.
  • Accions que tenen lloc molt a prop del moment en què les estem expressant.  No succeeixen simultàniament però quasi.

En algunes ocasions, no existeix diferència entre utilitzar la forma simple o la contínua per expressar quelcom:   How are you feeling this morning / How do you feel this morning.

La temporalitat que expressa la forma contínua no sempre està clara, en canvi, el que sí hem de tenir present és que la forma simple no s’utilitza per expressar temporalitat.

Ex.2

Every year thousands of children go to the doctor because of back pain, and in fact, this kind of problem is rapidly becoming one of the most common childhood complaints.  And what exactly causes this outbreak of back strain and muscle fatigue? It seems that even quite young children are taking more and more to school – not just books, but also clothes and games players – and their backpacks simply weigh too much.  ‘Some kids are carrying more than 25% of their bodyweight in a bag that has a nice cartoon character on the bag, but which is actually giving them serious backache’ reported Dr Elaine Sachs, a GP in North London. ‘Most parents simply not realize what is happening to their children.

Ex.3

  • This perfume has a nice smell = This perfume smells nice
  • I think there’s a mistake = There seems to be a mistake
  • I don’t understand what you mean = I don’t see what you mean
  • What’s your opinion? = What do you think?
  • At birth a baby elephant is about 90kg in weight = At birth a baby elephant weighs about 90kg
  • Is the price important? = Does the price matter?
  • What’s the price of this model? = How much does this model cost?
  • This book could be interesting = This book looks interesting
  • What’s in the box? = What does the box contain?

Past simple / Past continous

El past simple és fàcil de conjugar ja que sempre s’escriu igual sigui quina sigui la persona gramatical que fem servir.  Només hi ha una excepció:  el verb to be (was, were…)

El passat dels verbs regulars es forma afegint la terminació -d si l’infinitiu del verb acaba amb vocal o bé -ed si acaba amb consonant.  Share / Shared – Watch / Watched

Utilització del past simple

  • Utilitzarem el passat simple per expressar qualsevol classe d’aconteixements passats i accions acabades, tant si es van produir fa molt temps com si són molt recents:  John Lennon died in 1980 /  What happened to you? / He caught the train yesterday
  • S’utilitza aquesta forma en narrativa també:  The car crashed and felt down into the river
  • Per construir frases condicionals i amb It’s timeIt’s time we left
  • Per explicar coses que feiem habitualment en el passat:  When I was younger I played football every week

En el cas d’aconteixements habituals en el passat, en anglès s’utilitzen el used to i el would.  Són auxiliars modals i en el cas del used to, la utilització del do és opcional.  Així:

  • On sundays we always used to go to Barcelona
  • On sundays we would go to Barcelona
  • Used you to know him?  /  Did you use to know him? (forma habitual).  La negació és didn’t you use to

1. Used to

  • La seva referència en el temps tendeix a ser general.
  • Es refereix al passat
  • No té res a veure amb used tosomething‘ ja que en aquest cas fa referència a estar acostumat a fer quelcom.  El to és una preposició en aquest cas i va seguida d’un gerundi (-ing):  I’m used to riding bicycles.  En canvi, I used to ride bicycles vol dir que abans anava amb bicicleta.

2. Would

  • Igual que el ‘used to’, s’utilitza per descriure activitats que la gent fa habitualment però no es pot emplear amb ‘state verbs’.  És més  normal trobar el ‘would’ en textos literaris.

Exemples:  On Fridays we always used to/would have fish   –   Every summer we would stay in a small village in the mountains

‘I used to enjoy computer games, but I’ve grown tired of them.’  Aquest seria un exemple clar de frase en la que no podem utilitzar el ‘would’ ja que el verb ‘enjoy’ és un state verb.

Utilització del past continous (pretérito perfecto contínuo)

Es construeix amb  Past form of the verb to be (was, were) plus the –ing termination

  • Serveix per descriure accions passades inacabades
  • Accions inacabades interrumpides per una acció passada sobtada
  • Per activitats que són el ‘background’ (rerefons) del que s’està descrivint:  Helen looked down into the busy street.  Crowds of people were pushing along the pavements and cars were hooting
  • Per descriure dues accions que succeïen al mateix temps:  While Jim was painting the outside of the house, Sarah was decorating the bedrooms
  • Per emfatitzar que una acció encara estava succeïnt i que va seguir succeïnt un temps: They started producing the car in 1946 and were still producing it thirty years later
  • Per descriure una acció que canvïa:  It was becoming more and more difficult to find work:  Her performances were getting better and better
  • Juntament amb el ‘forever’, ‘continually’, ‘always’, etc per criticar accions que ens fan sentir malament o que volem exagerar:  At school, he was always getting into trouble  /  She was forever falling in love with the wrong kind of man

En qualsevol cas, el past continous no s’utilitza per descriure accions habituals del passat.   Així, direm:  ‘That summer we went swimming nearly every day’.  Seria incorrecte utilitzar ‘were going’.

Past perf. simple / Past perf. continous

Construcció:

  • Simple:  Past form of the verb to have (had) plus the participle of the verb
  • Continous:  Past continous of the verb to be (had been) plus the verb in question with the –ing termination

S’utilitzen per fer referència a successos del passa que han succeït abans que altres events del passat, normalment quan no hi ha possibilitat de quantificar-ne el temps.  Com sempre, el ‘simple’ fa referència a accions acabades i el ‘continous’ a les que no han acabat, acabades recentment o les que tenen continuïtat.

Ex.1

  • By the time we got to the cinema, the film had started
  • He’d been working hard all morning, and he felt really tired
  • I’d been wanting to ask that question myself
  • Had you been waiting long before they arrived?
  • Had you heard of him before you came here?
  • I had hoped to speak to him this morning

Ex.2

The government also needed to ensure that Britain was fed.  Under the Defence of the Realm Act it was able to take over land and turn it over to food production.  In February 1917 it set up the Women’s Land Army to recruit women as farm workers.  By then, however, the food supply in Britain had become desperate.  German U-boats were sinking one in every four British merchant ships and Britain had only six weeks supply of wheat left.  As food supplies of wheat left.  As food supplies ran short, so prices rose.  Wages had hardly risen during the war because people were mostly prepared to sacrifice better pay to support the war effort, but prices were now almost double what they had been in 1914.  Poorer people could not even afford basic supplies such as bread.  Shops were closing early each afternoon as they had run out of goods to sell.

La clau:  els phrasal verbs

Ara, que per fi estic estudiant, novament, aquest idioma, arribo a la conclusió que el més essencial per dominar-lo són els phrasal verbs, no només per la seva presència en la majoria de frases sinó per la seva riquesa en el significat.

Així, en el text anterior, hi trobo:

–          Take over:  Prendre el control, el poder /  Agafar la direcció

–          Turn over:  Girar-se / Entregar / Donar / Volcar / Guanyar

–          Run out of:  Acabar-se / Quedar-se sense….

–          Set up:  Establir-se , quan és intransitiu.  Si és transitiu separable aleshores: organitzar / instal·lar / concertar / constituir

Diferència entre run out of  i  run out:

                Run out of és un verb transitiu inseparable.  Per tant, porta un complement directe que no pot intercalar-se entre el verb i la partícula.  Alguns verbs transitius permeten que se separi la partícula auxiliar mentre que els intransitius no.  Així:  I have run out of patience with you / we’re running out of petrol

En canvi, run out és un verb intransitiu.  Els verbs intransitius no porten complement directe.  Significa Acabar-se / faltar / expirar / caducar:  Time is running out / Money is running out / my passport is going to run out soon

Ex.3

German reactions to the Treaty of Versailles 1919

The overall reaction of Germans was horror and outrage.  They certainly didn’t believe they had started the war.  They didn’t even think they had lost the war.  In 1919 many Germans didn’t really understand how bad Germany’s military situation had been at the end of the war in 1918.  They believed that the German government had simply agreed to a ceasefire, and that therefore Germany should have been at the Paris Peace Conference to negotiate peace.  They were angry that their government was not represented at the talks and that the Allies had forced them to accept a harsh treaty without any choice or even a comment.  At first, the new government refused to sign the treaty and at one point it looked as thoug war might break out again.  However, Ebert, the new German leader, was in an imposible position.  reluctantly, he agreed to accept the terms of thhe treaty and it was signed on 28 june 1919.

Ex.4

  • When Dora went to pay for the petrol she had put in her car, she realized that she had lost her credit card.
  • While I was waiting for my meal to arrive, I saw that the two men who had followed me into the restaurant were staring at me from a nearby table.
  • Whaen I heard the noise at the window, I knew that someone was trying to break into the house.
  • Maria didn’t remember anything about the accident, except that she had not been driving too fast and in fact had almost stopped before she reached the crossroads.
  • By the time the fire engines arrived at the cottage, Tom and his neighbours had already put out the fire and were carrying furniture out of the blackened bulding
  • What were you doing in the High Street at that time of night, and why did you run away when the officer told you to stop? asked the lawyer
  • While Sally was painting the ceiling, she fell off the ladder but luckily she didn’t break any bones.
  • Our taxi to the airport didn’t turn up on time, and so by the time we got tho the check-in desk, the flight had already closed.
  • Marlowe walked slowly into the room.  He hadn’t forgotten his last visit to the house, when Miss La Porte had fired two shots at him, so he was taking no chances this time.
  • Alice could see that the tall boy was having difficulty making hmiself understood, but she decided no to help him.  After all, nobody had helped her during her first days in this country.

Present perf. simple

S’utilitza per parlar d’un passat no gaire anterior al present…….expressem coses que hem fet fa poc temps. El fem servir per explicar una cosa que ha tingut certa durada, que ha començat en un passat poc llunyà i que ha acabat just abans del present. 

We form the present perfect with have/has + the past participle. The past participle often ends in –ed (opened, decided) but many important verbs are irregular (lost, written, done, etc.). See Appendix 2.

TO HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

Past perfect

P. ex.:

  • És la primera vegada que menjo……..
    • It’s the first time that I have eaten……
    • This is the first time that I have eaten…..
  • Has estat mai a Australia?
    • Have you ever been in Australia?
  • I haven’t eaten…..
  • She hasn’t eaten…..
  • Have you eaten…..this morning?
  • Has she opened a window?
  • Have you ever been married?

Study this example situation:

Imagine Tom looking for his key under his bed. Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it. He has lost his key.

“He has lost his key” means that he lost it a short time ago and he still hasn’t got it.

This is the present perfect (simple) tense:

  • I / we / they / you have lost
  • He / She has lost
  • I haven’t lost
  • He / She hasn’t lost
  • Have you lost?
  • Has he / she lost?

a) When we use the present perfect there is a connection with the present:

  • – I’ve lost my key. (= I haven’t got it now.)
  • – Jim has gone to Canada. (= He is in Canada or on his way there now.)
  • – Oh dear, I’ve forgotten her name. (= I can’t remember it now.)
  • – Have you washed your hair? (= Is it clean now?)

b) We often use the present perfect to give new information or to announce a recent happening:

  • – I’ve lost my key. Can you help me look for it?
  • – Do you know about Jim? He’s gone to Canada.
  • – Ow! I’ve burnt myself.

You can use the present perfect with just (= a short time ago):

  • – Would you like something to eat? No, thanks. I’ve just had lunch.
  • – Hello, have you just arrived?

You can use the present perfect with already to say that something has happened sooner than expected:

  • – Don’t forget to post the letter, will you? I’ve already posted it.
  • – Hello, have you just arrived? He has already started.

c) Study the difference between gone to and been to:

  • – Ann is on holiday. She has gone to Italy. (= She is there now or she is on her way there.)
  • – tom is back in England now. He has been to Italy. (= He was there but now he has come back.)
  • Study this example conversation:
  • Dave: Have you travelled a lot, Nora
  • Nora: Yes, I’ve been to 47 different countries.
  • Dave: Really? Have you ever been to China?
  • Nora: Yes, I’ve visited China twice
  • Dave: What about India?
  • Nora: No, I’ve never been to India.

When we talk about a period of time that continues up to the present, we use the present perfect: Nora and Dave are talking about the places Nora has visited in her life (which is a period continuing up to the present).

Here are some more examples:

  • – Have you read Hamlet? No, I haven’t read any of Shakespeare’s plays.
  • – How many times have you been to the United States?
  • – Susan really loves that film. She’s seen it eight times.
  • – Sam has lived in Belfast all his life. Sam has always lived in Belfast.

We often use ever and never with the present perfect:

  • – Have you ever eaten caviar?
  • – We have never hada a car.

We often use the present perfect after a superlative:

– What a boring film! It’s the most boring film I’ve ever seen.

d) You have to use the present perfect with This is the first time….., It’s the first time…. etc.

– Ron is driving a car. He is very nervous and unsure because it’s his first time behind the wheel of a car. You can say: This is the first time he has driven a car; or He has never driven a car before.

Here are some examples:

  • – Tom has lost his passport again. It’s the second time he has lost it.
  • – Is this the first time you’ve been in hospital?

e) Use the present perfect to say that you have never done something or that you haven’t done something during a period of time which continues up to the present:

  • – I have never smoked
  • – I haven’t smoked for three years.
  • – I haven’t smoked since September
  • – Jill hasn’t written to me for nearly a month
  • – Jill has never driven a car

There is a difference between for and since:

For: L’utilitzarem per parlar d’una acció que té una durada específica. Ex.: For 1 hour; For a long time…..

Since: Quan parlem d’una acció amb una durada indefinida, des del seu començament. Ex.: Since I was a boy.

Study this example:

Tom: Have you heard from George?

Ann: No, he hasn’t written to me recently.

We use the present perfect when we talk about a period of time that continues up to the present. Tom and Ann are talking about the period between a short time ago and now. So they say have you heard and he hasn’t written.

Here are some more examples:

  • – Have you seen my dog? I can’t find him anywhere.
  • – Everything is going fine. We haven’t had any problems so far.
  • – We’ve met a lot of interesting people in the last few days.
  • – Fred has been ill a lot in the past few years, hasn’t he?
  • – I haven’t seen George recently. Have you?

f) We often use the present perfect with yet. Yet shows that speaker is expecting something to happen. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences:

  • – Has it stopped raining yet? (not “did it stop”)
  • – I haven’t told them about the accident yet. (not “I didn’t tell”)

Yet se emplea en frases negativas para indicar que algo todavía no ha ocurrido, pero va a ocurrir: I haven’t finished yet. No he terminado todavía (pero lo haré). En el lenguaje hablado se coloca al final de la frase y en el lenguaje escrito después de not: They have not yet finished. No han terminado aún. http://www.wordreference.com

g) We use the present perfect with this morning / this evening / today / this week / this term etc. (when these periods are not finished at the time of speaking):

  • – I’ve smoked ten cigarettes today. (Perhaps I’ll smoke more before today finishes).
  • – Has Ann had a holiday this year?
  • – I haven’t seen Tom this morning. Have you?
  • – Ron hasn’t studied very much this term.
  • – Bill is phoning his girl-friend again. That’s the third time he’s phoned her this evening.

Ex.1

  • 1. Hello! I’ve just been to the shops. Look! I’ve bought lots of things.
  • 2. Jim isn’t here at the moment. He’s gone to the shops.
  • 3. Are you going to the bank? No, I’ve already been to the bank.
  • 4. Don’t forget to phone Tom. I’ve already phoned him
  • 5. Why don’t you read the paper? I’ve already read it
  • 6. Shall I pay the waiter? No, I’ve already paid him.
  • 7. Have you seen John anywhere? Yes, I’ve just seen him
  • 8. Has Ann phoned yet? Yes, She’s just phoned
  • 9. Would you like a cigarette? No thanks, I’ve just put one out.
  • 10. When did it last rain? It hasn’t rained for ages.
  • 11. When did they last visit you? They haven’t visited me since June.
  • 12. When did you last go to Spain? I have never gone to Spain.
  • 13. Have you ever been to South America?
  • 14. Have you ever read any English books?

Hi everyone, I’ve been Paris for almost a week now and I’m having a great time. I spent the first few days sightseeing – The Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, and all the usual tourist attractions. Most places are absolutely packed with tourists (it’s the time of the year I suppose), so yesterday I decided to have a look round the shops and I bought a few souvenirs. Today I’ve been to a couple of very interesting art galleries. I got lost on my way back to the hotel but it didn’t matter because I discovered a really fascinating market with lots of little stalls selling just about everything from apples to antiques. I ate in the hotel the first night but usually I go out and have dinner in a restaurant – the food is fantastic. I’m afraid I’ve spent a lot of money, but it’s a great place an I’ve taken lots of photographs so you’ll be able to see for yourself when I get back home on the 24th. See you then. John.

PRACTICE

  • * Have you ever been a guest at a surprise party?
  • * Have you ever been in a fistfight?
  • * Have you ever been on TV?
  • * Have you ever been to a theatre?
  • * Have you ever broken a bone?
  • * Have you ever called your boyfriend or girlfriend by the wrong name?
  • * Have you ever changed your appearance a lot in a short time? (For example, hair style, hair color or weight)
  • * Have you ever cheated on an exam?
  • * Have you ever dated someone from another race, culture or religion?
  • * Have you ever done something silly that you wish you had not done?
  • * Have you ever driven a truck?
  • * Have you ever eaten in a restaurant and realized you have no money with you?
  • * Have you ever eaten something that you thought you wouldn’t like, but found out that you actually liked it?
  • * Have you ever eatern frog legs?
  • * Have you ever eaten horse meat?
  • * Have you ever eaten German food?
  • * Have you ever fallen asleep and forgotten where you were?
  • * Have you ever fallen asleep while taking a bath?
  • * Have you ever fallen down the stairs?
  • * Have you ever fallen in love at first sight?
  • * Have you ever fallen or stumbled in front of others.
  • * Have you ever forgotten your mother’s birthday?
  • * Have you ever given a false excuse to get out of something you didn’t want to do? If so, tell us about it.
  • * Have you ever made cheesecake?
  • * Have you ever made Chinese food?
  • * Have you ever baked bread?
  • * Have you ever met a celebrity?
  • * Have you ever played a joke on one of your teachers?
  • * Have you ever raised your hand to answer a question, then forgot what you were going to say?
  • * Have you ever recieved a present that you really hated?
  • * Have you ever ridden a horse?
  • * Have you ever ridden a motorcycle?
  • * Have you ever said yes when you meant no?
  • * Have you ever slept in a cave?
  • * Have you ever slept in a tent?
  • * Have you ever talked to a famous person?
  • * Have you ever thought of something funny and started laughing out loud in the presence of others?
  • * Have you ever told a big lie to someone you love?
  • * Have you ever written an article for a newspaper?
  • * Have you ever walked into a lampost?
  • * Have you ever wondered why some people want to be alone but never seem to be lonely? Why do you think this is so?
  • * Have you ever tried to eat food without first spitting out your chewing gum?
  • * Have you ever saved a piece of chewed chewing gum and started chewing it again later?
  • * Have you ever called a ‘he’ she or a ‘she’ a ‘he?’ What was the response?
  • * Have you ever called a women “sir” or a man “ma’am?”
  • * Have you ever asked a woman when she was “due” and she wasn’t even pregnant?
  • * Have you ever driven a sports car?

Present perf. continous

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